Onus (noun)

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Definitions:
1. burden, duty, or responsibility; 2. the blame for something; 3. burden of proof

Synonyms:
burden, responsibility,

Antonyms:
acclaim, commendation

Examples:
– When the economy is in a recession, many believe the onus is on the President and Congress to pull the country out of it.
– Marc will always bear the onus of having made bad investment decisions and losing most of the family’s retirement savings.
– In court, the onus is on the prosecution to prove guilt.

Factor (noun, verb)

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Definitions:
(n.) 1. an element contributing to the result of something; 2. a mathematical quantity multiplied with other numbers, or the amount by which something is multiplied; 3. a person or organization that trades for commission; (v.) 1. to include or exclude as a contributing element; 2. to calculate the factors of a given quantity or expression

Synonyms:
part, aspect, facet, element, cause

Antonyms:
composite, whole;

Examples:
– The most important factor in the decision to hire her as the new manager was her past record of success in a similar position.
– There are several factors that you should consider when determining the value of a company.
– Once she factored in variables such as inflation, Lisa found that her salary did not grow much.

Weary (adjective)

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Definitions:
(adj.) tired and out of energy; (v.) 1. to get tired of something or someone; 2. to make somebody tired or impatient. When you are weary, you are worn out; there has been wear on your system and you are very tired. As a verb, weary is a more sophisticated way of saying “tire,” as in: “His constant nagging wearies (tires) me.”

Synonyms:
tired, fatigued,

Antonyms:
refreshed, energized

Examples:
– My dad was weary after straining exercises with physio therapist.
– Can you please be quiet for a while, you weary me with your constant nagging.
– I’ve grown very weary of this project, and I wish I could move on to something else.

Impunity (noun)

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Definitions:
exemption or immunity from harm, especially punishment or retribution, as a result of one’s actions or words. Impunity is a great word to describe anyone who is given license to say or do something that others would not have license to do.

Synonyms:
license, exemption,

Examples:
– Freedom of speech enables people to say controversial things with impunity.
– In recent years, Crime is so rampant in Amsterdam that it feels like criminals are terrorizing the city with impunity.
– The old dictator of the country enjoy diplomatic immunity, he walked around and did as he pleased with impunity.

Defray (verb)

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Definitions:
1. to offset costs or bear an expense; 2. to pay some or all of an expense

Synonyms:
pay, settle, compensate

Antonyms:
incur costs.

Examples:
– We should be able to defray some of our expenses through money we will receive from our tax refund.
– I’m sure theres a way we can defray our out-of-pocket costs to get this business started; perhaps we can get a small-business loan.
– John’s student loan will defray most of his college tuition.
– Whenever I go on business trips, my company defrays all of the travel expenses, including meals.

Affiliate (verb, noun)

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Definitions:
(v.) 1. to associate with or to receive as a member or participant; 2. to trace the origins of; (n.) a person or group that is associated with, or a member of, another. Affiliate can be used as a verb as well as a noun, denoting a person or organization affiliated with another.

Synonyms:
associate, connect, merge

Antonyms:
disband, disassociate

Examples:
– Joe got his start with the small radio station affiliated with the university.
– The company used t he expo as an opportunity to affiliate with its partners and investors.
– You can earn bonus mileage points when you stay at a hotel that is affiliated with the airline with which you have your frequent flyer program.
– Our new company affiliate can go far in helping us drive traffic to our web site through their members.

Usury (noun)

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Definitions:
1. the act of lending money while charging the borrower a terribly large or illegally high amount of interest; 2. excessive interest on a loan. Usury originally referred to money lent with interest. It has come to refer to loans with an exorbitant interest rate. Usury may also be used to refer to the exorbitant interest rate itself.

Synonyms:
high interest, fees, percentage

Antonyms:
Low interest

Examples:
– The government has started punishing loan sharks more severely in order to crack down on usury.
– In order to protect their citizens, most nations have laws against usury.
– Faced with desperate financial situations, many people fall prey to loan sharks and usury.
– John’s credit score was so bad that the only way he could get a car loan was by agreeing to pay a usury.

Discretionary (adjective)

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Definitions:
1. having or using the ability to use one’s own judgment or decision; 2. given or refused according to the specific circumstances, rather than automatically (as with funds); 3. subject to judgment
Think, ability to use your own judgment. The related noun discretion means “choice or option.”

Synonyms:
arbitrary, elective

Antonyms:
compulsory, mandatory

Examples:
– The creative director had the discretionary power to hire a new graphic designer.
– I wanted to go on holiday during the busiest time of the year, but Lisa left the decision up to my discretion.
– The income the remains after paying your taxes, social security charges, and basic living costs, like and food and clothing, is called discretionary income.

Harrowing (adjective)

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Definitions:
unsettling or distressing and evoking feelings of fear, horror, or disgust

Synonyms:
distressing, unsettling, trying

Antonyms:
assuaging, comforting, soothing

Examples:
– The plane crash was a harrowing experience that left its victims in pain and distress for several months.
– The farmer on small wine estate used his harrow to prepare the earth for the new vines of sauvignon blanc.
– It was very disturbing to hear my grandpas’s harrowing stories of second world war.

Nemesis (noun)

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Definitions:
1. an arch rival, especially one who seems incapable of being overcome or beaten; 2. something that harms or interferes with something else, especially good intentions; 3. a just punishment that results in another’s downfall; 4. the person who inflicts punishment

Synonyms:
enemy, archenemy, bane, rival,

Antonyms:
ally, supporter,

Examples:
– The heavy weight boxer Deontay Wilder will face his biggest nemesis in the ring again, hopefully this year.
– When growing up, my brother proved to be my greatest nemesis, as he always seemed to beat me at whatever game or sport we played.
– Jane’s rudeness toward her boss proved to be her nemesis when it came time for her promotion.