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Definitions: Being of benefit, especially in regard to something unwanted or unpleasant.
Synonyms: beneficial, advantageous, productive.
Antonyms: unwelcome, irrelevant.
Examples: His new diet is rigid but has had a salutary effect on John’s health.
Definitions: Stubborn , unmanageable, ( of a substance) resistant to heat.
Synonyms: obstinate, headstrong.
Antonyms: docile, passive.
Examples: He dreaded taking his refractory dog to the park, it always ended badly for another dog.
Origins: Latin – refractarius- stubborn.
Definitions: Not sunject to being taken away from or given away by the possessor.
Synonyms: absolute, inviolable.
Antonyms: impermanent, transitory
Examples: Freedom should be the inalienable right of every human being.
Tips: collates with ‘right/s’ ‘quality’.
Origins: Possibly French- inalienable ( 16C)
Definitions: 1. The quality of being honest and have a strong moral compass. 2. The state of being together, one, undivided.
Synonyms: 1.ethic, moral, honesty.2. unity, cohesion.
Antonyms: dishonesty, amoral, dividision, fragility.
Examples: 1. Integrity is a very attractive quality in a person. 2. The integrity of the school is threatened by the boys’ actions.
Origins: French-integer – intact.
Definitions: Being new or original, a small inexpensive trinket or toy.
Synonyms: newness, freshness, originality, knick-knack.
Antonyms: conservatism, usual, common.
Examples: It’s fun to buy little local novelties when you are on holiday. The novelty of caravan living soon wore off when winter set in.
Origins: Old French- novel-new
Definitions: To a great degree of excellence or an extreme of a behaviour.
Synonyms: exalted, awe-inspiring, supreme.
Antonyms: exalted, awe-inspiring, supreme.
Examples: He is a maestro, his music is truly sublime. He just blamed sublime ignorance for his actions.
Origins: Latin-sub-up to, limen- threshhold.
Definitions: A specific form of deductive reasoning.
Origins: Possibly derived from Greek, logizesthai – to reason.
Definitions: 1.To forbid, often by law. 2.denounce or condemn.
Synonyms: 1.prohibit, ban, disallow.2. condemn, denounce.
Antonyms: 1.permit, allow. 2. promote, encourage.
Examples: There are laws which proscribe any kind of discrimination.
Origins: Latin-pro-in front of,scribere-write.
Definitions: A loud noise caused by a large group of people, a state or confusion or disorder.
Synonyms: racket, uproar, commotion.
Antonyms: silence, quiet.
Examples: After the earthquake the town was in a state of tumult.
Origins: Old French-tumulte.