Verve (noun)

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Definitions:
To have a certain energy of spirit.

Synonyms:
vitality, pep, dynamism.

Antonyms:
lethargy, apathy, dullness.

Examples:
She has so much verve, and zest for life, she is a joy to be around.

Origins:
French- verve- vigour.

Prodigal (adj/noun)

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Definitions:
adj.To use money or resources in a reckless way.noun. A person who uses money or resources in a reckless, extravagant way.

Synonyms:
wastful, imprudent, thriftless.

Antonyms:
thrifty, economical, prudent.

Origins:
Latin-prodigus- lavish.

Pariah (noun)

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Definitions:
An outcast.

Synonyms:
outcast, persona non grata

Antonyms:
insider.

Examples:
After all the lies he told everyone I am not surprised he became a pariah.

Tips:
Derived from the low caste of a group of ceremonial drummers in southern India.

Origins:
Tamil – parai- drum.

Preface (verb/noun)

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Definitions:
Verb- to introduce something, or begin with. Noun- The beginning of a book.

Synonyms:
foreword, prologue.

Antonyms:
conclusion, postscript, closing.

Examples:
1. Let me preface this by saying you have all worked really hard. 2. I rarely read the preface in a book, I like to jump right into the story.

Origins:
Latin- prae- before, fari- speak.

Insouciant (adj)

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Definitions:
Demonstrating a sense of the casual, a lack of concern.

Synonyms:
nonchalant, indifferent.

Antonyms:
anxious, concerned.

Examples:
The meeting was very important and his insouciant attitude angered his co-workers.

Origins:
French- in-not, souciant-caring.

Synthesis (noun)

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Definitions:
Where components or elements are combined to create a whole.

Synonyms:
union, blend, mixture.

Antonyms:
component, ingredient

Examples:
His work is a perfect synthesis or passion and research.

Origins:
Greek – suntitherial – place together.

Palliate (verb)

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Definitions:
To lessen the degree of suffering, or reduce severity of a disease without curing it.

Synonyms:
alleviate, relieve,ease.

Antonyms:
harm, aggravate, injure.

Examples:
There was nothing left to do but try to palliate the symptoms.

Tips:
More often used as an adj. palliative- palliative care.

Origins:
Latin – pallium- cloak

Turgid (adj)

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Definitions:
Swollen or distended.

Synonyms:
congested, swollen, inflated.

Antonyms:
healthy, deflated.

Examples:
During the storm the river became turgid.

Tips:
Used to decribe languae when it is pompous or bombastic.

Origins:
Latin-turgere- to swell.

Procrastinate (verb)

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Definitions:
To put off doing something, often multiple times.

Synonyms:
delay, stall, defer.

Antonyms:
hurry, hasten, abbreviate.

Examples:
I cannot procrastinate any longer, I must get this work done.

Origins:
Latin – pro-forward, crastinus- belonging to tomorrow.

Unwitting (adj)

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Definitions:
A person who is not in full possesion of the facts or information. Something that is not done intentionally.

Synonyms:
unknowing, unintended.

Antonyms:
expected, calculated, knowing.

Examples:
The unwitting visitor strolled into a rather dangerous part of town.

Origins:
Old English – unwitende- not knowing, not realising.