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Definitions: To have a certain energy of spirit.
Synonyms: vitality, pep, dynamism.
Antonyms: lethargy, apathy, dullness.
Examples: She has so much verve, and zest for life, she is a joy to be around.
Origins: French- verve- vigour.
Definitions: adj.To use money or resources in a reckless way.noun. A person who uses money or resources in a reckless, extravagant way.
Synonyms: wastful, imprudent, thriftless.
Antonyms: thrifty, economical, prudent.
Origins: Latin-prodigus- lavish.
Definitions: An outcast.
Synonyms: outcast, persona non grata
Examples: After all the lies he told everyone I am not surprised he became a pariah.
Tips: Derived from the low caste of a group of ceremonial drummers in southern India.
Origins: Tamil – parai- drum.
Definitions: Verb- to introduce something, or begin with. Noun- The beginning of a book.
Synonyms: foreword, prologue.
Antonyms: conclusion, postscript, closing.
Examples: 1. Let me preface this by saying you have all worked really hard. 2. I rarely read the preface in a book, I like to jump right into the story.
Origins: Latin- prae- before, fari- speak.
Definitions: Demonstrating a sense of the casual, a lack of concern.
Synonyms: nonchalant, indifferent.
Antonyms: anxious, concerned.
Examples: The meeting was very important and his insouciant attitude angered his co-workers.
Origins: French- in-not, souciant-caring.
Definitions: Where components or elements are combined to create a whole.
Synonyms: union, blend, mixture.
Antonyms: component, ingredient
Examples: His work is a perfect synthesis or passion and research.
Origins: Greek – suntitherial – place together.
Definitions: To lessen the degree of suffering, or reduce severity of a disease without curing it.
Synonyms: alleviate, relieve,ease.
Antonyms: harm, aggravate, injure.
Examples: There was nothing left to do but try to palliate the symptoms.
Tips: More often used as an adj. palliative- palliative care.
Origins: Latin – pallium- cloak
Definitions: Swollen or distended.
Synonyms: congested, swollen, inflated.
Antonyms: healthy, deflated.
Examples: During the storm the river became turgid.
Tips: Used to decribe languae when it is pompous or bombastic.
Origins: Latin-turgere- to swell.
Definitions: To put off doing something, often multiple times.
Synonyms: delay, stall, defer.
Antonyms: hurry, hasten, abbreviate.
Examples: I cannot procrastinate any longer, I must get this work done.
Origins: Latin – pro-forward, crastinus- belonging to tomorrow.
Definitions: A person who is not in full possesion of the facts or information. Something that is not done intentionally.
Synonyms: unknowing, unintended.
Antonyms: expected, calculated, knowing.
Examples: The unwitting visitor strolled into a rather dangerous part of town.
Origins: Old English – unwitende- not knowing, not realising.