Reiterate (verb)

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Definitions:
To say something again often to emphasize meaning or for clarity.

Synonyms:
repeat, restate.

Examples:
The teacher reiterated that we must be ready for the exams on Friday.

Origins:
Latin- reiteratus- re- again, iterare- a second time.

Nonchalant (adj.)

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Definitions:
Appearing relaxed and calm and unconcerned or disinterested.

Synonyms:
unconcerned, unenthusiastic.

Antonyms:
enthusiastic, eager, anxious.

Examples:
He often appeared nonchalant around girls but I think he was quite nervous really.

Origins:
French- nonchaloir- not being concerned.

Precursor (noun.)

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Definitions:
Someone or something that comes first before others of the same kind.

Synonyms:
originator, predecessor, herald.

Antonyms:
successor, derivative, outgrowth

Origins:
Middle French- precurseur- forerunner.

Robust (adj)

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Definitions:
Something or someone that is in good health, stong.

Synonyms:
sturdy, healthy, durable.

Antonyms:
weak, fragile.

Examples:
The economy is not as robust as it once was.

Origins:
Middle french- robuste- strong and hardy.

Rationalize (verb)

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Definitions:
To try to explain or justify a thought or action, trying to use logic, not always successfully.

Synonyms:
justify, explain, defend.

Antonyms:
avenge, scrutinize.

Examples:
Violence is always wrong, there is no way you can rationalize what you did.

Origins:
English dates back to 1922.

Provisional (adj.)

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Definitions:
When something has been arranged or put in place for now, but may be changed at a later date.

Synonyms:
temporary, interim, conditional.

Antonyms:
permanent, definite.

Examples:
The council was able to provide provisional shelter for the refugees.

Origins:
From Middle French meaning – provide for present need.

Sluggard (noun)

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Definitions:
A lazy or slow moving person.

Synonyms:
slouch, layabout, idler.

Antonyms:
doer, powerhouse, go-getter.

Examples:
Tom is such a sluggard, he never gets anything done.

Origins:
Norwegian- slugga- slow, lazy.

Mollycoddle (verb)

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Definitions:
To treat someone indulgently or in an overly protective manner.

Synonyms:
spoil, cosset, pamper.

Antonyms:
mistreat, abuse, ignore.

Examples:
He can’t do anything for himself because he was so mollycoddled as a child.

Origins:
Molly-( Molly also meant prostitute) pet name formation from Mary- coddle for an effeminate man.

Obviate (verb)

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Definitions:
To remove a need or difficulty.

Synonyms:
preclude, prevent, remove, avert, avoid.

Antonyms:
necessitate, require, compel.

Examples:
Winning the lottery would obviate the need to get a job!

Origins:
Latin- obviatus- contrary to go against.

Plumb (verb/noun/adverb/adj)

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Definitions:
( Verb)To measure ( the depth of), to experience or explore fully, or to test the accuracy of something vertical. ( Noun) A peiece of lead that is attached to a line used to measure depth.( Adverb) exactly or precisely. ( Adj.) Vertical.

Synonyms:
straight, upright, even,

Antonyms:
uneven, askew.

Examples:
They plumbed the depth and found the boat to be 9 metres down.

Origins:
Latin- plumbum- lead.