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Definitions: Used to describe something, often a book, story or film that engrosses one completely.
Synonyms: gripped, captivated, enthralled.
Antonyms: bored, uninterested, dull.
Examples: Have you seen The Handmaid’s Tale? It is riveting!
Origins: Old French- river- fix or clinch.
Definitions: Someone who is socially outgoing and seems confident.
Synonyms: gregarious, sociable, exuberant.
Antonyms: introverted, retiring.
Examples: It is always fun when Polly is at a party, she is such an extrovert.
Origins: English – extra, Latin- vertere- to turn.
Definitions: To be excessively sentimental or sweet. Can also be related to sugar.
Synonyms: syrupy, sickening, trite, maudlin.
Antonyms: cyncial, unsentimental, hard.
Examples: Some people consdier the music of the 70s to be simplistic and saccharine.
Origins: Latin saccharum.
Definitions: Used of a bird when it is cleaning its feathers. Used of people who might spend a long time in front of a mirror.
Synonyms: clean, tidy, groom.
Antonyms: dirty, slovenly.
Examples: Birds take a long time preening themselves before they perform their ritual mating dance.
Origins: Late Middle English, possibly coming from the Latin ungere- to annoint.
Definitions: To lie outstrectched with with face downwards. Verb- To prostrate oneself is to throw oneself face downward to the floor as an act of submission or prayer.
Synonyms: reclining, supine, prone.
Antonyms: erect, upright, vertical.
Examples: Suffering from terrible back pain, Mrs White spent her entire day prostrate.
Origins: Latin pro-before, sternere- lie flat.
Definitions: Having a strong, pleasant scent. Evocative.
Synonyms: aromatic, resonant.
Antonyms: incognizant, unaware.
Examples: The lavendar fields were redolent. The whole event was redolent of a bygone era.
Origins: Old French, red- back again, olere- to smell.
Definitions: Having no interesting or distinctive features.
Synonyms: Unremarkable, unmemorable.
Antonyms: extraordinary, remarkable.
Examples: The office was in a nondescript little building in one of the back streets of town.
Origins: Latin -discriptus and English non.
Definitions: on the edge or outer borders of something.
Synonyms: marginal, minor.
Antonyms: central, vital.
Examples: The man was not a suspect, he was peripheral to the police inenquiry.
Tips: collates with ‘vision’.
Origins: Greek – peri-around pherein- to bear.
Definitions: To shock or excite someone into taking action in a situation.
Synonyms: spur, motivate.
Antonyms: demotivate, impede.
Examples: The letter about Grandmother’s viit galvanized her into cleaning up the house.
Origins: French- galvanisme- excite, stimulate.
Definitions: Not able to be resisted or avoided.
Synonyms: unavoidable, inevitable.
Antonyms: avoidable, escapable.
Examples: Facing his past was ineluctable if he wanted to change for the better.
Origins: Latin- iluctari- struggle out.