Spurious (adj.)

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Definitions:
Something not being what it claims to be, a fake or false.

Synonyms:
sham, fraudulent, fictitious.

Antonyms:
genuine, true, real.

Examples:
The governing body found his credentials to be spurious and he was fired.

Origins:
Latin spurius meaning illegitmate, false. At one time it meant to be born out of wedlock.

Ellipsis (noun)

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Definitions:
When words can be omitted from speech or writing that are unnecessary or can be understood from context.

Origins:
Greek elleipein meaning leave out.

Repudiate (verb)

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Definitions:
To reject, discalim or disavow.

Synonyms:
refute, reject, cancel, invalidate.

Antonyms:
own, embrace, concede.

Examples:
He repudiated all responsibility for the terrible events that happened.

Origins:
Latin repudiatus meaning to cast off, reject or scorn.

Precedent (noun.)

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Definitions:
Something that can be used to set a standard or an example for future actions.

Synonyms:
measure, forerunner,

Antonyms:
ensuing.

Examples:
No one knows what to do in this case, there is no precedent.

Tips:
collocates with ‘set a’.

Origins:
Latin praecedentum meaning go before.

Quarantine (noun.)

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Definitions:
To be keep separate or apart from others, usually for the purpose of isolating an illness.

Synonyms:
restraint, detention.

Examples:
If you take your dog abroad with you it will probably have to go into quarantine for a while.

Tips:
collocates with ‘be in’.

Maudlin (adj.)

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Definitions:
To be self-pitying and sentimental.

Synonyms:
sentimental, emotional, mawkish.

Antonyms:
Unemotional,undemonstrative, unsentimental.

Examples:
He has been so maudlin recently that everyone is trying to avoid hanging out with him.

Origins:
Church Latin from Magdalena – the weeping image.

Flamboyant (adj.)

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Definitions:
Having a certain energy, stylishness and confidence that attracts attention.

Synonyms:
vibrant, vivid, gregarious.

Antonyms:
dull, restrained, unappealing.

Examples:
Her flamboyant designs attracted a large clientele.

Origins:
French, flambe meaning a flame or a blaze.

Emanate (verb)

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Definitions:
A feeling, a smell or a sensation that spreads out from an original source.

Synonyms:
exude, emit, radiate.

Antonyms:
absorb, sink, decline.

Examples:
She is a lovely person, kindness just emanates from her.

Origins:
Latin, emanat to flow out.

Genteel (adj.)

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Definitions:
Politeness, refinement or respectability to an exaggerated degree.

Synonyms:
proper, polite, respectable.

Antonyms:
barbaric, improper, vulgar.

Examples:
His genteel behaviour struck her as fake and she did not really trust him.

Tips:
Mostly used with men.

Origins:
French, gentil meaning well-born.

Rabble (noun.)

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Definitions:
A crowd, or mob of people behaving in a disorderly manner. Also used against people of lower classes.

Synonyms:
horde, pack, gang, mob.

Antonyms:
nobility, elite.

Examples:
The rabble quickly dispersed when the police arrived.

Origins:
Middle English meaning to gabble.