Beleaguer (verb)

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Definitions:
1. to annoy or harass; 2. to surround with an army

Synonyms:
torment, harass, annoy, plague

Antonyms:
relieve

Examples:
– He was beleaguered by worries of losing his job. – Our camp was beleaguered by an army of ants in the middle of the night. – He was beleaguered by his mean classmates during lunch. – In sales, you have to make sure you do not beleaguer your prospects with too many calls or e-mails.

Tips:
To beleaguer someone is to annoy severely. It originates from the Dutch word belegeren, which literally means “to camp around.” Thus, we get the meaning of surrounding with an army. Think of being surrounded by an enemy and how tormenting that would be, hence the meaning of “annoying or harassing.” The adjective form, beleaguered, means “annoyed or troubled.”

Visceral (adjective)

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Definitions:
1. obtained through intuition and instinct rather than reasoning and observation; 2. relating to the internal parts of the body

Synonyms:
instinctive

Examples:
– I don’t want to do business with him because I have a visceral distrust of the man. – My initial, visceral response was to decline the job offer and wait for a better opportunity. – I trust my instincts and rely on my visceral feelings to guide my decisions. – I’m not sure why, but I have a visceral feeling that he is the right man for the job, so I’m going to hire him

Tips:
A visceral reaction is a reaction “from the gut.” You may respond to something based on instinct and intuition, but not be able to explain why you feel a certain way. This is a visceral reaction.

Resonant (adjective)

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Definitions:
1. deep in sound; 2. characterized by reverberation

Synonyms:
resounding, deep, lasting, reverberant, intensified, echoing

Antonyms:
shallow, soft, short

Examples:
– The resonant church bells could be heard throughout the village. – The instrument made a rich, resonant sound. – After delivering the anti-drug presentation to the kids, it was difficult to tell if the messages resonated or not. – The resonant sound of the drum echoed throughout the auditorium.

Tips:
Resonant is derived from the Latin resonantia, which means “echo.” Think of the way an echo lasts and reverberates. Resonant describes sounds that are strong or that have a lasting effect (like an echo). The related verb resonate means “to have a strong effect that lasts a long time”, as well as “to come across or be understood.”

Ingrain (verb and adjective )

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Definitions:
verb 1. firmly fix or establish (a habit, belief, or attitude) in a person. adjective 1. (of a textile) composed of fibres which have been dyed different colors before being woven.

Synonyms:
instill, fix, implant, teach

Antonyms:
deprive divest, strip, clear, empty

Examples:
“They trivialize the struggle and further ingrain the long-standing attitudes”

Lambast (verb)

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Definitions:
to criticize someone or something severely, to criticize (someone) severely or angrily especially for personal failings. to strike repeatedly.

Synonyms:
harangue

Examples:
Stern schoolmasters who lambasted the boys for the smallest violation of the rules. – His first novel was well and truly lambasted by the critics. – The watchdog group lambasted the President for his overspending.

Tips:
Tips: Lambaste originally meant “to beat or thrash,” in the physical sense, but is now used in the figurative sense of “harshly criticizing or thrashing” through words. To lambaste someone is to criticize harshly and severely. Lambaste is synonymous with berate, censure, and rebuke.

Flux (noun)

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Definitions:
1. the act of flowing, continuous moving on, or passing by; 2. constant change and instability, sometimes a state of uncertainty about what should be done

Synonyms:
motion, tide, fluctuation, flow, stream

Antonyms:
certainty

Examples:
– Atmospheric conditions are in a state of flux, and not just because of our own industrial emissions. – The project is in a state of flux as we wait to hear new direction from upper management. – I am in a flux at work right now, as I change my mind every other day as to whether I want to stay or go. – After finishing my first task, I was in a state of flux as to what to do next.

Tips:
Flux, used as a noun, refers to the ebb and flow of tides, ideas, or trends. We often use it in the phrase “in a state of flux.” For instance, concentrations of nutrients in the ocean are always in a state of flux, depending on various factors. Also, prices may be in a state of flux, depending on the economic inflation. Something in flux is continually changing and evolving, fluctuating. Flux can also be used as a verb and means “to flow” or “to cause to become fluid.” It’s also a physics term, which refers to the strength of a force or the rate of the flow of a fluid.

Point-blank (adjective and adverb)

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Definitions:
adj. (of a shot) fired from very close to its target. Adv. (of a statement or question) direct and without explanation or qualification.

Synonyms:
direct, plain, frank, straight

Antonyms:
roundabout

Examples:
The bullet, fired at a point-blank range, and hit him in the middle of the back. He refuses point-blank to be photographed or give interviews. The chief refused at first, point-blank, to be a party to any such proceedings.

Tips:
In popular usage,, point-blank range has coome to mean extremely close “can’t miss” range with a firearm, within four feet of its muzzle at moment of discharge yet not close enough to be a contact shot.

Origins:
Late 16 Century : probably from point + blank in the contemporaneous sense ‘ white spot in the centre of a target’

Arcane (adjective)

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Definitions:
1. requiring secret or mysterious knowledge to be understood; 2. difficult to understand.

Synonyms:
obscure, esoteric, secret, inscrutable, restricted, mysterious

Antonyms:
obvious, well-known

Examples:
– The arcane rites of passage involved in the granting of academic tenure are a mystery to all but the initiated. – His arcane observations about the world were a mystery to me. (obscure, inscrutable. – The arcane expression on his face made me think that he was hiding something from me. (mysterious) – The arcane language used by members of the secret society was meant to confuse the uninitiated.

Tips:
Arcane can be used in both a very specific way, to describe something that is only known to those who are initiated into the knowledge, or it can be used in a more general sense to describe something that is mysterious and hard-to-understand and accordingly, only understood by a few. Arcane is synonymous with esoteric when used to describe something only understood by a select few. Esoteric is used to describe anything that is difficult for the general populace to understand and limited to a select group of experts. Arcane is often used to describe something that is only known by a secret group or society, and only a few people know about it because it has been kept secret.

Expiate (verb)

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Definitions:
atone for (guilt or sin). to extinguish the guilt incurred by, to make amends for. To show regret for bad behaviour by doing something to express that you are sorry and by accepting punishment.

Synonyms:
pay for, redeem, make good., do penance for, offset, redress, make amends for

Examples:
Their sins must be expiated by sacrifice., The murderer does not have the desire to expiate his sins – Yom Kippur is the holy day on which Jews are expected to expiate sins committed during the past year. – Marc expiated his sins by acts of penance.

Gibe (noun, ,, verb)

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Definitions:
a comment that is intended to hurt or provoke somebody or to show derision or contempt. to make a comment that is intended to hurt or provoke somebody or to show derision or contempt.

Synonyms:
mock

Examples:
Teammates gibing each other when they foul up an important play. – Even when her family gibed, Angela pursued her dream of becoming an astronaut – Some cynics in the media might gibe.