Avid (adjective)

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Definitions:
Having or showing a keen interest in or enthusiasm for something. Having an eager desire for.

Synonyms:
ardent, devoted, eager, fanatical,insatiable

Antonyms:
apathetic, cool, disinterestedisloyal

Examples:
He cast a glance about him, his eye, avid with curiosity, held rigidly with restraint. She flung herself on him with the avid girlishness of a Bengal tiger.

Vernacular (noun and adjective )

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Definitions:
1. The language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people of a country origin. 2. Architecture concerned with domestic or functional rather than public or monumental buildings.

Synonyms:
indigenous, common, vulgar, local, dialectal

Antonyms:
abnormal, different, extraordinary, refined

Examples:
The jokes are in the vernacular, but in a vernacular as spoken in a certain social medium. He was, if you will pardon the vernacular, on the outside, looking in. She said this in the tone of one consciously assuming the vernacular.

Origins:
C. 1600, “native to a country” From Latin vernaculus “domestic, native” from verna ” home-born slave, native” a word of Etruscan origin. Used in English in the sense of Latin vernacula vocabula, in reference to language.

Buoyant (adjective )

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Definitions:
1. Able or tending to keep afloat or rise to the top of a liquid or gas. 2. cheerful or optimistic.

Synonyms:
resilient, afloat, airy, unsinkable

Antonyms:
depressed, down, heavy

Examples:
I breathed freely, and my form seemed to expand itself with bouyant life. Light and buoyant as the child was, her tightened clasp had began to tell on him.

Origins:
1570’s, perhaps from Spanish boyante, past participle of boyar “to float” from boya “bouy,” from Dutch boei. Of personalities, etc, from C 1748. Related Bouyantly.

Wallop (verb)

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Definitions:
1. To beat soundly; thrash 2. Informal. To strike with a vigorous blow; belt; sock: After two strikes he walloped the ball out of the park. 3. Informal. To defeat thoroughly, as in a game.

Synonyms:
bash, belt, blow, bump, crash, collision, clash

Antonyms:
give up, surrender, release, caress, relinquish

Examples:
I wonder if Bert’s had anything to eat since he got the wallop on the coco? But that wallop, hard as it was, had been delivered accidently.

Origins:
Middle English (as a noun denoting a horse’s gallop. From Old Northern French walop (noun), waloper (verb), perhaps from a German phrase ‘run well’, from the bases of well and leap. Compare with gallop. From ‘gallop’ the senses ‘bubbling noise of a boiling liquid’ and then ‘sound of a clumsy movement’ arose, leading to the current senses.

Resuscitate (verb )

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Definitions:
1. revive (someone) from unconsciousness or apparent death. 2. make (something) active or vigorous again.

Synonyms:
energize, invigorate,restore, revitalize

Antonyms:
destroy, bore

Examples:
Even Rachel’s return could not resuscitate it for more than one or two. Now after all, by what right do you presume to resuscitate a man?

Contrive (verb )

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Definitions:
1. Create or bring about (an object or a situation) by deliberate use of skill or artifice. 2. Manage to do something foolish or create an undesirable situation.

Synonyms:
fabricate, concoct, disorganize, manipulate, improvise, devise

Antonyms:
Break, destroy, discourage, forget, neglect

Examples:
“You little witch, how did you contrive to make a fool of a man like me?” “That’s all right” Garson replied, with such carelessness of manner as he could contrive.

Tips:
Sense evolution (in French)was from ” invent with ingenuity” to “invent falsely” Spelled contreve until unexplained 15c. Sound change that also affected briar, choir, friar. Related, contriving, contrived.

Incredulous (adjective)

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Definitions:
(of a person or their manner)unwilling or unable to believe something.

Synonyms:
doubtful, hesitant, suspicious, unconvinced

Antonyms:
believing, certain, definite

Examples:
The exclamation came from the girl in a note of incredulous astonishment. In the beginning it was incredulous about some of the details.

Pertain (verb)

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Definitions:
1. (pertain to) be appropriate, related, or applicable to. 2. Be in effect or existence in a specific place or at a specific time.

Synonyms:
apply, refer, relate, affect, associate

Antonyms:
disconnect, disjoin, divide, part, separate

Examples:
But Khalid is modest only in the things that pertain to the outward self. Everything that seemed to pertain was either satirical, as to ask, ” Did she tell you so?”

Laconic (adjective )

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Definitions:
(of a person, speech or style of writing) using very few words.

Synonyms:
brusque, compact, brief, terse,

Antonyms:
long-winded, wordy, verbose

Examples:
With which laconic remark Newman turned round and hobbled away. “The doctor says there’s no need “she said, in her laconic way.

Origins:
Mid 16th Century (in the sense Laconian): via Latin from Greek Lakonikos, from Lakon ‘Lakonia, Sparta’, the Spartans being known for their terse speech.

Lavish (adjective and verb)

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Definitions:
adjective 1. sumptuously rich, elaborate or luxurious “a lavish banquet” verb 1. bestow something in generous or extravagant quantities on.

Synonyms:
sumptuous, luxurious, gorgeous, costly, spend, expend, heap, shower, excessive

Antonyms:
barren, depressed, economical, insufficient, lacking

Examples:
In the twenty-three years of his life, every gift that money could lavish had been his. Since the death of her father, there had been none on whom she could lavish the great gifts of her tenderness,

Origins:
Mod-15C., From Middle French lavasse(n.) “torrent of rain, deluge,” From Old French lavache , from laver, ” to wash,” From Latin lavare “to wash”