Castigate (verb)

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Definitions:
(verb) to reprimand, criticize, or punish severely

Synonyms:
punish, berate, criticize, censure, reprove, chastise

Antonyms:
praise, reward

Examples:
The lifeguards were castigated by the pool manager for their lax attitude toward enforcing important safety rules., Unfortunately for those who had done the misdeed, the boss believed that the most effective way to castigate his employees was through public humiliation., The teenager was castigated for breaking his curfew by not being allowed to see his friends for a month., When the president of the ad agency castigated me for no reason in front of other employees, I decided to quit rather than endure the humiliation.

Tips:
Castigate is related to the word chastise. Both words refer to scolding or punishing someone, but castigate tends to connote a higher degree of severity.

Chasm (noun)

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Definitions:
1 a deep fissure. A very deep narrow opening in rock, earth or ice: 2 a profound difference between people, viewpoints, feelings. FORMAL a very large difference between two opinions or groups of people:

Synonyms:
;, a deep chasm, abyss, ravine, gulf, couloir, fissure, gulch, Synonyms:the chasm between their views, difference, division, schism., defile, crevice, breach, separation, gorge, crevasse, rift, gully, dissension, coulee.

Examples:
There is still a vast economic chasm between developed and developing countries., They leaned over the rails and peered down into the dizzying chasm below., The little bridge over that deep chasm looked very unsafe.

Convey (verb)

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Definitions:
1. transport or carry to a place. 2 communicate (an idea, impression, or feeling). 3 Law transfer the title to (property).

Synonyms:
Transport

Examples:
His poetry conveys a great sense of religious devotion., He always conveyed a sense of genuine interest in his students., You don’t want to convey the impression that we’re not interested., The goods are usually conveyed by sea., Could you convey a message to Mr Merrick for me, please?

Abhor (verb)

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Definitions:
to hate a way of behaving or thinking; often because you think it is not moral. – I abhor all oforms of racism

Synonyms:
detest, despise, loathe, hate

Antonyms:
admire, cherish, adore, approve

Examples:
I abhor the climate of gloom. We abhor all forms of discrimination. He has learned to abhor them.

Tips:
From Latin abhorrere ” shrink back from , have an aversion for, shudder at, ” from ab- “away” (see ab- ) + horrere” tremble at, shudder” literally ” to bristle , be shaggy, from PIE*ghers- “start- out, stand out, rise to a point , bristle”

Bane (noun)

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Definitions:
a cause of great distress or annoyance the bane of sth a cause of continual trouble or unhappiness

Synonyms:
curse, plague, nuisance, blight

Examples:
The bane of the decorator is the long, narrow hall, The depressions that were the the bane of her existence., Keeping noise levels low is the bane of airport administration., That cat is the bane of my life!

Prolific (adjective)

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Definitions:
1. abundant, fruitful, or producing many offspring; 2. very productive, in an intellectual sense

Synonyms:
inventive

Examples:
He was a prolific writer, completing over 80 books in his lifetime., This species of dandelion is highly prolific; once you see one, you will soon see many more., Well, that was a prolific teleconference; I’m glad we got so much accomplished., He was a prolific artist and his paintings were showcased in many art galleries around the world.

Tips:
Prolific originates from the Latin proles, “offspring.” Something or someone prolific can literally produce many young or can figuratively produce many creations, such as works of art or writing.

Effulgent (adjective formal)

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Definitions:
shining forth brilliantly; radiant. Effulgence = (noun) The quality or state of having or giving off light

Synonyms:
bright, alight, radiant, brilliant

Examples:
The exceptional effulgence of the harvest moon is always a striking sight, The remarkable BCC footage of the effulgent daffodils

Hubris (noun)

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Definitions:
excessive arrogance, over-confidence, and pride

Synonyms:
ambition, over-confidence

Antonyms:
humility

Examples:
It was the young CEO’s hubris which led to the eventual rebellion of his workers and failure of his company., The hubris he demostrates is totally unwarranted because he’s not nearly as intelligent or important as he seems to believe., He thought his friends would never turn against him, but he was eventually punished for his hubris and lack of humility., His autobiography was a perfect example of monumental hubris.

Tips:
Hubris is a Greek word for “arrogance or pride,” which, in Greek mythology and literature, often leads to a character’s demise. The same application is often used today to describe executives or anyone in power. Hubris is a negative: not just pride, but excessive pride and over-confidence.

Labile (adjective)

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Definitions:
1. liable to change; easily altered. 2 easily broken down or displaced. 3. readily or continually undergoing chemical, physical, or biological change or breakdown

Synonyms:
unstable

Examples:
Mary is an emotionally labile person, We experimented with a labile compound.

Peruse (verb)

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Definitions:
(Verb) 1. to read through or study in detail; 2. to scan through something casually and leisurely

Synonyms:
examine, skim, analyze, investigate

Examples:
Please peruse the following report at your convenience., She perused the classified ads in hopes of finding a good deal on a used car., John likes to peruse through the morning paper while drinking his first cup of coffee., He perused several travel books to plan his vacation to Paris.

Tips:
Although the primary definition of peruse is “to read something carefully and in a detailed manner,” the second definition may be more familiar. Peruse can mean “to study leisurely,” and this has resulted in it sometimes being used to mean “to skim or scan,” rather than to study intently. Technically, peruse should be used to describe reading something in its entirety, versus skimming a document quickly.