Luminary (Noun)

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Definitions:
(noun) Anybody that give light, especially one of the heavenly bodies; a person of eminence or brilliant achievement ; a person who inspires or influences others, esp. one prominent in a particular sphere.

Synonyms:
light

Examples:
Einstein was a luminary in the field of physics., The moon served as our luminary during our nighttime hike., The Los Angeles spa attracts luminaries and affluent Hollywood residents., The silver color of her dress had a luminary quality and shone brightly in the spotlight.

Tips:
Like the related words lucent, lucid, luminous, illuminate, and luminescent, luminary comes ultimately from the Latin word lumos, or “light.” The synonym “star” captures the idea of someone famous being “lit up” or “in the limelight.” The word luminary is also an adjective, referring to anything characterized by light or radiance.

Antipode (noun)

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Definitions:
An exact opposite or a direct or diametrical opposite. Two points on earth that are antipodal to one another are connected by a straight line through the centre of the earth. The direct opposite of something else.

Examples:
– The pole and its antipode., – We just sit and listen to the fullness of the quiet, as an antipode to focused busyness, – my jock brother is an antipode to my bookworm sister.

Philanthropist (noun)

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Definitions:
(noun) Someone who makes charitable donation to increase human well being; love of humankind in general

Synonyms:
donor, backer, humanitarian, patron, supporter

Antonyms:
miser

Examples:
The philanthropist gave millions for the community center to be built., If it weren’t for her generosity and philanthropy, the art exhibit would not have opened., He was remembered as a shrewd businessman and a generous philanthropist., She made a career out of being a philanthropist and was involved with several different charities

Tips:
Philanthropist is derived from the Greek phil, “loving” and anthropos, “mankind.” Philanthropists give charitable contributions because they love and want to help mankind. The word philanthropy means “charity or patronage.”

Propitious (adjective)

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Definitions:
(adjective) Presenting favorable circumstances or conditions; favorable inclined; gracious; benevolent

Synonyms:
advantageous, unfortunate., inauspicious

Examples:
The success of the first big movie in May was a propitious start for the summer season of blockbusters, Now is not a propitious time for starting a business, With economic conditions so uncertain, he felt it was not a propitious time to make a big investment., The timing for such a meeting seemed propitious

Tips:
Propitious means presenting favorable conditions. In other words, while a warm day in December might not be seasonable, it might very well be propitious for the sailor setting off on a round-the-world cruise.

Yardstick (noun)

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Definitions:
A measuring rod a yard long, typically divided into inches. A standard used for compasrison.

Synonyms:
standard, measure, scale, specification,benchmark,criterion

Antonyms:
deviation, abnormality

Examples:
This essay will be the yardstick by whick I grade the others. There has been no yardstick by which potential students can assess individual schools before signing up for a course.

Tips:
A yardstick is a straightedge used to physically measure lengths of up to one yard high. Yardsticks are flat boards with markings at regular intervals

Ameliorate (verb)

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Definitions:
To make or become better. Lessening the extend of a bad condition Usage

Synonyms:
amend, improve, enhance, better, meliorate, help

Antonyms:
worsen, damage, impair, deteriorate

Examples:
A candy bar was able to ameliorate the boy’s sadness., The upper management in our company wants to ameliorate working conditions by moving into a larger, brighter office space.

Tips:
Ameliorate is derived from the Latin melior, “better.” You’ll also notice that meliorate, an earlier form of ameliorate, is a synonym. Ameliorate is related to alleviate and mitigate, but is different in that it is specific to making something better, while the other words connote easing or lessening something. Ameliorate is used to describe improving something that really needs improving.

Tedium (Noun)

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Definitions:
(noun) The quality or condition of being tedious or boredom; period of dullness

Synonyms:
monotony, ennui, routine, dryness, vapidity, uniformity, banality, boredom, insipidity., dreariness

Examples:
Cousins and uncles filled the tedium of winter nights with many a tall tale., Soldiers often say that the worst thing about fighting is not the moments of terror, but all the hours of tedium in between., The tedium of spending a hot afternoon trapped inside the house, She loathed the tedium of housework, I dozed off during the tedium of the third act tedious passage

Spark (verb)

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Definitions:
(verb) To give sparks; to set in motion; activate; to rouse action.

Synonyms:
jot, lead to., particle, give rise to

Examples:
There was not a spark of interest in the actress’s memoirs, The sparks really fly when my mother and her sister get together., That small incident was the spark that set off the street riots., This proposal will almost certainly spark another countrywide debate about how to organize the school system., Interesting questions that are designed to spark the reader’s brain

Flimsy (adjective)

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Definitions:
Light, thin, and insubstantial; a flimsy fabric. Lacking solidity or strength (Flimsy Table) Lacking plausibility; unconvincing; a flimsy excuse

Synonyms:
gossamer, gossamery, unsubstantial

Antonyms:
sturdy, substantial

Examples:
They convicted the defendant on very flimsy evidence., You won’t be warm enough in that flimsy dress., We spent the night in a flimsy wooden hut., When I asked him why he was late, he gave me some flimsy excuse about having car trouble., A flimsy scarf that was more for decoration than for warmth, The dog ate my homework” is a pretty flimsy and tired excuse

Cupidity (noun)

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Definitions:
Excessive avarice or strong greed for something, especially for wealth; an intense selfish desire for wealth or possessions

Synonyms:
avariciousness, covetousness, acquisitiveness, avarice

Examples:
Reports of great treasure in the Indies inflamed the cupidity of Columbus’s crew, He did not really see her cupidity until they’d been married for several years

Origins:
late Middle English:from Old French cupidite or Latin cupiditas, from cupidus ‘desirous,’ from cupere ‘to desire.’