Blackball (verb)

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Definitions:
reject (a candidate applying to become a member of a private club), typically by means of a secret ballot.

Synonyms:
reject, debar, ban,exclude

Antonyms:
admit, include

Examples:
Her husband was blackballed when he tried to join the Country Club. (rejected) He was initially blackballed because of a dispute he once had with a couple of the committee members.

Tips:
Blackballing is a rejection in a traditional form of secret ballot, where a white ball or ballot constitutes a vote in support and a black ball signifies opposition.

Origins:
Late 18th century: from the practice of registering an adverse vote by placing a black ball in a ballot box.

Chicanery (noun)

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Definitions:
The use of deception or subterfuge to achieve one’s purpose.

Synonyms:
trickery, deception, deceitfulness

Antonyms:
honesty, truthfulness, forthrightness

Examples:
You can smell the chicanery from a dishonest politician. The investigation revealed political chicanery and corruption at the highest levels. She was snubbed for the first time in all her blue-sky life- and by a boy too!

Origins:
late 16 century from French: ‘chicanerie’ , from ‘chicaner’ ‘to quibble’

Ravenous (adjective)

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Definitions:
(adjective) Means that one is very eager or greedy for food, satisfaction or gratification. One can be ravenous for power too.

Synonyms:
very hungry, famished, voracious

Examples:
We were ravenous after our canoe paddling, and the chili bubbling on the campfire smelled heavenly, I’m ravenous – where’s supper?, Growing boys have ravenous appetites., He looked ravenously at the buffet table., We were ravenous after hiking all day.

Superfluous (adjective)

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Definitions:
(adjective) More than is wanted or sufficient, being beyond what is required. Superfluous things have no excuse for being

Synonyms:
inessential, excessive, unnecessary, extravagant

Antonyms:
deficient, vital, necessary, essential

Examples:
We need to edit this story to make it more brief, so please delete any superfluous words., Please edit this memo by removing the superfluous details., We’ll need to cut all superfluous projects in order to stay within our budget., I’m eliminating all superfluous clutter from my home and donating most of my belongings to charity.

Tips:
Superfluous is derived from the Latin superfluere, meaning “to overflow.” Think of fluid overflowing a bowl or having too much of something–this is the idea of superfluous. Something superfluous is excessive and unnecessary. Use superfluous as a sophisticated way of commenting on excess or anything that is really not needed and wasteful

Compliant (adjective)

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Definitions:
Conforming to requirements. Used to describe something that obeys a particular rule or law.

Synonyms:
accordance, willing, complying, submissive

Antonyms:
obstinate, unwilling, inflexible

Examples:
The student’s shirt was not compliant with the school’s dresscode. (was not in accordance) The software is compliant with the latest standards. (in accordance)

Tips:
Compliant derives from the Spanish word “complir” to fulfill or accomplish/complete

Origins:
The word “complaint” derive from the word “comply”. It was first recorded in 1635-45 comply + ant = compliant

Vulgarize (verb)

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Definitions:
Cater to popular taste to make popular and present to the general public; bring into general or common use.

Synonyms:
overdo, popularize, generalize

Antonyms:
elevate, specify, particularize, upgrade

Examples:
“Relativity Theory was vulgarized by these authors”

Devout (adjective)

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Definitions:
very sincere: deeply and sincerely felt or meant; very religious: deeply religious (Devout Monks, or devout Christians). OR devoted to something: devoted to a particular personal interest or cause.

Synonyms:
loyal

Examples:
Devout monks living a life of prayer and solitude, He devoutly hoped that they would reach a peaceful agreement., Frank grew in up in a devoutly religious family

Oblivion (noun)

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Definitions:
the fact or condition of forgetting or having forgotten, the condition of being oblivious, the condition or state of being forgotten or unknown. The state or act of forgetting or being unaware OR the state of being forgotten

Synonyms:
disregard, inattention, nonexistence, nothingness, obscurity, nonentity, emptiness

Antonyms:
awareness, consciousness

Examples:
While on vacation, we fell into a state of oblivion and didn’t think at all about our responsibilities at home., Her former life was no more than an oblivion to her now, The lovers were oblivious to everything but each other., The once-popular TV show fell into a state of oblivion and was soon taken off the air.

Tips:
Oblivion and its adjective form oblivious have roots in the Latin oblivisci, “to forget.” When you are oblivious you are unaware or inattentive of your surroundings–you are in a state of oblivion. The phrase “escape into oblivion” means “to escape into obscurity or unconsciousness,” as with sleep. In the entertainment industry, oblivion (state of being forgotten) is every entertainer’s worst nightmare.

Pejorative (adjective)

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Definitions:
(adjective) Derogatory, insulting, having negative connotations, vulgar, profane

Synonyms:
debasing, derisive, defaming, rude, disparaging, belittling

Antonyms:
flattering, approving, admiring

Examples:
I didn’t mean for her to take my comment in a pejorative way., The word “feminist” seems to be losing the pejorative connotation it used to have., I have learned to ignore her pejorative remarks and I no longer allow them to upset me., Was that a purposely pejorative comment, or was your rude remark meant to be sarcastic?

Tips:
Pejorative is derived from the Latin pejor, which means “worse.” Something pejorative usually means it’s been taken in the worst or most negative way. A pejorative comment expresses contempt and disapproval. Pejorative is also related to the word pessimistic in origin and in meaning; “expressing disapproval or negativity.” Pejorative is synonymous with disparaging. Disparaging has a verb form (disparage) while pejorative does not. “I will not be disparaged (criticized, insulted) by her pejorative (negative, insulting) comments.” Use which ever word seems to be more comfortable for you.

Stamina (noun)

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Definitions:
(noun) Enduring physical or mental energy and strength that allows somebody to do something for a long time.

Synonyms:
endurance

Examples:
The triathlon is a great test of stamina., I felt my stamina weakening, Their secret is stamina rather than speed.