Understatement (Noun)

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Definitions:
A disclosure or statement that is less than complete.

Synonyms:
euphemism

Examples:
She believes the research understates the amount of discrimination women suffer., He’s very elegant, in an understated way., To say that her resignation was a shock would be an understatement – it caused panic., The company was accused of understating potential side effects of the drug., To say I was confused is an understatement — I hadn’t the slightest idea what to do.

Zealous (adjective)

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Definitions:
marked by active interest and enthusiasm, devotion to a goal, cause or ideal

Synonyms:
devout, ardent, impassioned

Antonyms:
apathetic

Examples:
Frank is a zealous supporter of the government’s policies, In his zeal to get his work finished on time, he made a lot of mistakes., His zealous campaign against the tobacco industry included three books about cancer and smoking.

Tips:
You’ve heard of the “eager beaver”? Anyone who has a strong interest or an impatient desire to pursue or become involved in something is called eager (: eager to get started; an eager learner). Someone who is especially eager might be called avid, a word that implies greed or insatiable desire (: an avid golfer, he was never at home on weekends). Ardent combines eagerness with intense feelings of passion or devotion (: an ardent lover; an ardent theatergoer), while fervent suggests an eagerness that is ready, at least figuratively, to boil over (: their fervent pleas could not be ignored). Anyone who is deeply interested in something or who shows a spirited readiness to act is called keen (: he was keen on bicycling), while zealous implies the kind of eagerness that pushes all other considerations aside (: a zealous environmentalist

Contagious (adjective)

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Definitions:
capable of being passed by physical contact from one person to another. Catching, infectious, spreading

Synonyms:
infectious, communicable, transmittable

Examples:
The chicken pox, measles, German measles are examples of contagious diseases., Courage is contagious., The mood was contagious, and soon everyone was laughing.

Adept (adjective)

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Definitions:
A highly skilled or well trained.

Synonyms:
skilled, competent, apt, adroit, proficient, deft, able

Antonyms:
inapt, bungling, inept

Examples:
We selected R&R consulting because they were more technologically adept., They were more adept at uncovering important technology issues., We chose the accounting firm because they seemed more adept at addressing complicated tax issues.

Tips:
Adept is derived from the Latin adeptus, the past participle of adipisci, “to acquire.” The underlying idea is of having acquired a skill. In business, the word adept is often used to describe a person or group’s ability or skills; “adept at negotiating,” for example. Adept is synonymous with apt, deft, and adroit.

Fondness (noun)

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Definitions:
Having a strong liking or affection

Synonyms:
affection, liking, tenderness, attachment, endearment, friendliness, kindness

Antonyms:
hatred

Examples:
He had a fondness for whiskey, She had fond memories of her childhood., Charles is fond of driving, so I’m happy just to be a passenger., Ruth has a real fondness (= liking) for old houses., He smiled fondly at his wife., They look at each other with such fondness

Adamant (adjective)

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Definitions:
To describe smb that is not capable or being swayed or diverted from a course. Very determined and not influenced by appeals to reconsider; set in one’s opinion.

Synonyms:
fixed, unbending, resolute

Examples:
The CEO is adamant about the company’s need to expand into global markets., He is adamantly opposed to any other options., He was adamant about taking the problem to court; there was no convincing him otherwise.

Tips:
Adamant was originally derived from the Greek adamas, which literally means “unbreakable.” Think, firm, unbreakable opinion. The adverb adamantly refers to something done in a resolute or insistent manner.

Forsake (verb, ,, formal)

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Definitions:
To give up, to renounce, or turn away from entirely

Synonyms:
abandon, turn one’s back on, leave high and dry, relinquish, renounce, desert

Antonyms:
return to

Examples:
We evacuated for the hurricane and forsook most of our possessions, Nobody respects a mother who forsakes her children., She has forsaken her country for an island in the South Pacific., He decided to forsake politics for journalism.

Aberrant (adjective)

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Definitions:
Departing from an accepted standard or normal type., Straying from the right or normal way, deviating from the usual or natural type.

Synonyms:
atypical, nonconformist.

Examples:
a year of aberrant weather–record rainfall in the summer, record heat in the autumn, aberrant behavior can be a sign of rabies in a wild animal, eating on the floor with the dogs is just one example of his aberrant behavior

Flirtatious (adjective)

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Definitions:
Inclined to flirt, behave as though attracted to or trying to attract someone, but for amusement rather than with serious intentions.

Synonyms:
coquettish, kittenish, flirty, teasing.

Diligent (adjective)

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Definitions:
Showing care and effort in one’s work or duties

Synonyms:
industrious

Examples:
Leo is very diligent in/about his work., Their lawyer was extremely diligent in preparing their case., A student who has been unceasingly diligent in pursuit of a degree in mathematics, She hoped that her diligence would be noticed at work., The discovery was made after years of diligent research.

Tips:
Diligent is used to describe earnest and constant effort, and it often connotes enjoyment of or dedication to what one is doing (: diligent efforts to rescue injured animals). To be industrious is to be more focused still, often with a definite goal in mind (: an industrious employee working for a promotion). Sedulous also applies to goal-oriented activity, but it suggests more close care and perseverance than industrious does (: a sedulous investigation of the accident). The award for concentrated effort goes to the person who is assiduous, which suggests painstaking preoccupation with a specific task (: an assiduous student is the one most likely to win his or her teacher’s favor).