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Passive (adjective)

Definition:

1. not actively participating; 2. obeying with little or no resistance. Think of the related word pass, as it means “allow to go by.” The underlying meaning is that of inactivity.

Example Sentences:

– Janet always wrote in the passive voice, using sentences like “the door was closed by the man.”
– Observation is a passive science, experimentation an active science.
– Ghandi was a strong believer in passive resistance, using nonviolence to make his point.
– Julia was passive in her job search and expected the perfect – opportunity to just land in her lap.

Synonyms:

unreactive, unresponsive, apathetic, disinterested

Antonyms:

impassive, active, resistant

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Exorbitance (noun)

Definition:

 1. a gross deviation from fair prices or permitted limits; 2. behavior or action that exceeds appropriate limits of behavior or decorum

Example Sentences:

– It was a good meal, but you have to admit the bill for dinner was exorbitant.
– Increased health care costs are the result of exorbitance in medical malpractice lawsuits.
– I don’t think the extra features of the car warrant its exorbitant price.
– Student debt is a really big problem nowadays. I came of age when jobs were plentiful and college not exorbitantly expensive.
– Binge-watching is spending an exorbitant amount of hours watching the latest Netflix series.

Synonyms:

lavishness, overkill, plethora, excessiveness,

Antonyms:

dearth, insufficiency, lack,

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