Buttress (noun, verb)
(n.) 1. something that gives support; 2. a support, usually made of stone or brick, which supports a building; (v.) to support or reinforce something. Buttress can be used in the literal sense of giving support to something like a building, or it can be used in the more figurative sense of giving support to a cause or idea. In the noun form, a modification or addition which strengthens a case, argument, or plan can be referred to as a buttress
– The new evidence helped to buttress the defense attorney’s argument and won him the case.
– To buttress their recommendations, the team members presented market research that supported their ideas.
– Although the building was very old, it was decided that it would be worthwhile to buttress the crumbling walls, rather than tear the whole thing down.
(n.) support, prop, brace, bulwark, (v.) support, bolster, reinforce,
(v.) weaken, let down
to formally approve an agreement. Ratify is derived from the Latin ratus, which means “valid.” To ratify something means to validate it by formally accepting the agreement.
– The strike has ended as the labor union is expected to ratify the improved contract this afternoon.
– Although the bill has a lot of political support, lawmakers are probably not going to ratify the governor’s plan.
– In order for a new amendment to be added to the Constitution, two-thirds of the states must ratify it.
affirm, approve, authorize, certify,
refuse, negate, deny, invalidate