The latest Just Vocabulary Podcasts

Indigenous (adjective)

Definition:

naturally living in a place or country without having moved there–originating there

Example Sentences:

– The nursery only sold plants that were indigenous to California.
– Most of the indigenous people of the country survived the drought.
– Most large zoos house animals, like lions and zebras, which are indigenous to Africa.
– I’m looking forward to our trip to Costa Rica, where we will see many plants and animals indigenous to that country.

Synonyms:

native, local, natural, original, endemic

Antonyms:

native, local, natural, original, endemic

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Quotidian (adjective)

Definition:

1. commonplace and experienced under the most ordinary circumstances;
2. done on a daily basis

Example Sentences:

– The book focuses on the quotidian life of farmers.
– She took up scuba diving in order to make her life a little less quotidian.
– Reality shows are designed to be about everyday life, but they are hardly quotidian.
– It’s great when I get to hear my favorite song on my quotidian commute to work.

Synonyms:

commonplace, everyday, ordinary, regular, routine, daily, customary, frequent

Antonyms:

sporadic, rare, infrequent

Prospect (noun, verb)

Definition:

(n.) 1. the possibility of future success; 2. something that is expected to happen in the future; 3. someone who is likely to be interested in purchasing a product or service; 4. someone or something that is likely to succeed; 5. the act of exploration, examination or observation; (v.) to search for something desirable.

2. something that is expected to happen in the future; 3. someone who is likely to be interested in purchasing a product or service; 4. someone or something that is likely to succeed; 5. the act of exploration, examination or observation; (v.) to search for something desirable.

Example Sentences:

  • His prospects for getting the job are excellent; he really is the best candidate.
  • Our agency is currently prospecting for new clients.
  • Is there any prospect that you may take a ski trip this year?
  • I have several prospects who I’ll be interviewing for the position this week. 

Synonyms:

 (n.) expectation, possibility, outlook, perspective, candidate, opportunity, chance, potential, (v.) explore, search

Antonyms:

 hopelessness, obscurity

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Surfeit (noun, verb)

Definition:

(n.) an amount that exceeds what is necessary; (v.) to overfeed or overfill

Example Sentences:

  • She researched new cars online because she found a surfeit of information there.
  • When I finish this diet, I am going to surfeit my appetite.
  • The chairperson could not adequately answer the surfeit of questions at the board meeting.
  • The buffet contained such a surfeit of food that it was difficult not to gorge oneself.

Synonyms:

(n.) excess, overabundance, satiety, surplus, profusion, (v.) overfill, overfeed, gorge, stuff

Antonyms:

(n.) deficiency, lack


Preempt (verb)

Definition:

1. to prevent someone from doing something by doing it first, or by doing something else that would make it impossible or unnecessary for the other person to do what he intended; 2. to take the place of something less important

Example Sentences:

  • The retailer saturated the market with new stores in an effort to preempt its competitor from moving into the territory.
  • In a preemptive strike against negative media attention, the actor’s publicist released a statement to the press.
  • The station preempted my favorite TV show with a speech from the President.
  • The Federal Reserve will often raise interest rates in an attempt to preempt inflation. 

Synonyms:

usurp, seize, occupy, stake claim, forestall, prevent, hinder, replace, substitute

Antonyms:

doubt, fail, forfeit

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Sanction (noun, verb)

Definition:

  1. (n.) punitive action intended to pressure a country into following international laws;
  2. punishment for breaking rules or regulations;
  3. official support for something; (v.) to give authority or approval

Example Sentences:

  • The country will face severe sanctions if the government does not put an end to the genocide happening there.
  • After receiving sanction from the council, we went ahead with the plan.
  • Many nations impose trade sanctions in order to pressure others to action.
  • My parents would not sanction my marriage to a much older man, so we decided to elope.

Synonyms:

authorization, approval, punishment, penalty, boycott, decree, approve, endorse, allow

Antonyms:

reward, impede, prevent

Pervade (verb)

Definition:

 to spread and be distributed throughout

Example Sentences:

  • We know our grandmother is cooking because the delicious smells pervade the whole house.
  • There was a pervasive feeling of disappointment among the partygoers when the band quit early.
  • The pervasive opinion around the table was that plans for a company expansion should be halted for the time being.
  • Anxiety pervaded throughout the agency when the company lost its biggest account.

Synonyms:

permeate, penetrate, fill, diffuse, saturate, overrun

Antonyms:

empty, leak [out], leach

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Reprobate (noun, verb, adjective)

Definition:

(n.) a morally unprincipled person who is often beyond hope of redemption; (v.) to disapprove, condemn, or reject; (adj.) deviating from what is considered acceptable, good, or proper

Example Sentences:

  • The Senator’s racist comments were reprobated by the commission.
  • She found his heavy drinking, drug use, and gambling to be reprobate, and didn’t see any hope for their relationship.
  • The priest told her she would be reprobated if she continued her immoral behavior.
  • You can’t live your life as a reprobate and continue breaking the law every chance you get

Synonyms:

 (n.) deviant, miscreant, villain, (v.) condemn, blame, judge, reject, denounce, (adj.) depraved, degenerate, corrupt, immoral

Antonyms:

(v.) approve, accept, (adj.) good, honest, moral, reputable


Overture (noun)

Definition:

  1. an introduction;
  2. an action made to gain a favorable response;
  3. the introductory section of a piece of literature or music

Example Sentences:

  • The company executives made an overture to the union members by offering to increase their healthcare benefits in exchange for a moratorium on pay raises.
  • After months of not speaking to one another, she sent her old friend flowers as an overture to rekindle their friendship.
  • After reading the overture of the book, I became very interested in what the plot would entail.
  • He better not have made an overture to my girlfriend! 

Synonyms:

 introduction, initiation, proposal, proposition, offer, invitation, advance, approach, prologue

Antonyms:

close, conclusion, rescission, epilogue

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Redundant (adjective)

Definition:

  1. characterized by unnecessary repetition, especially of a word or phrase, such as two synonyms used in conjunction;
  2. cluttered with more than is needed

Example Sentences:

  • It seemed redundant to keep her schedule in both her day planner and her palm pilot.
  • Please don’t call and e-mail me regarding the same thing; it’s so redundant.
  • At the risk of sounding redundant, I really need to reiterate this point.
  • The article was redundant and didn’t shed any new light on the subject, but repeated the same old ideas in various ways.

Synonyms:

repetitious, repetitive, superfluous, excessive, verbose, unnecessary, prolix, loquacious

Antonyms:

non-repetitive, deficient, insufficient, meager, moderate, abridged


Incursion (noun)

Definition:

Hostile invasion of a territory

Example Sentences:

  • The military’s plan called for a quick and unexpected incursion into the neighboring country.
  • I didn’t appreciate the incursion of my neighbor’s wet and muddy dog into my family room.
  • The incursion took everyone by surprise; no one had expected the attack.
  • The police incursion into the suspected drug dealer’s home turned up a large number of illicit drugs.

Synonyms:

invasion, intrusion, attack, raid, infiltration,

Antonyms:

protection, defense, exit

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Integral (adjective)

Definition:

  1. being a necessary component of a greater whole;
  2. made up of separate parts to form a whole;
  3. being complete, without anything missing

Example Sentences:

  • Computers are quickly becoming an integral part of every school.
  • To many, a dog is an integral part of the family.
  • A solid marketing campaign is integral to the success of this business.
  • Daily exercise is integral to a healthy lifestyle

Synonyms:

fundamental, necessary, indispensable, interdependent, interrelating, complete, essential, undivided, central, whole

Antonyms:

unnecessary, dispensable, unimportant, incomplete

Propagate (verb)

Definition:

  1. To breed a plant or animal naturally from the parent.
  2. Spread or promote an idea or information.

Example Sentences:

  • Frank propogates herbs and sells them in the market.
  • The school will not tolerate people propogating rumours.
  • This great civilization was propagated throughout the land.

Synonyms:

  1. breed, grow, cultivate. 2. ciruclate, promulgate, transmit.

Antonyms:

  1. destroy. 2. conceal, hide.

Satire (noun)

Definition:

Something intended to criticize, often using humor, especially wit and sarcasm. Satire is a way of making fun of people by using silly or exaggerated language. Politicians are easy targets for satire, especially when they’re acting self-righteous or hypocritical.

Example Sentences:

  • The movie we saw last night was a great example of political satire.
  • The movie took a satiric look at the Presidency and politics in general.
  • John loves satirical comic strips that point out the humor of everyday life.
  • I went to see a play that was a funny satire of today’s celebrity life.

Synonyms:

lampoon, ridicule, irony, parody, mockery, sarcasm, wit, spoof

Antonyms:

tragedy, drama

Ponderous (adjective)

Definition:

1. Slow and clumsy because of great weight.
2. (especially of speech or writing) dull or laborious.
Ponderous describes a person’s manner, or their manner of speaking.

Example Sentences:

– Marc’s style as historian and critic is never dull or ponderously academic.
– Hitchcock’s steps were heavy and ponderous.
– The ponderous reporting style makes the evening news dull viewing.

Synonyms:

Uninteresting or boring OR very slow or clumsy.

Antonyms:

Lively, entertaining OR fast and nimble
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Salutary (adjective)

Definition:

Being of benefit, especially in regard to something unwanted or unpleasant. Use salutary to describe something that’s good for your health, like the salutary benefits of exercise, laughter, and getting enough sleep every night.

Example Sentences:

– John’s new diet is rigid but has had a salutary effect on his health.
– The customer’s feedback was harsh, but the CEO showed no signs of absorbing this salutary lesson.
– Marc’s cold showers are a salutary and character-building exercise.

Synonyms:

beneficial, advantageous, productive.

Antonyms:

unwelcome, irrelevant.
TIP:
When you salute someone, or say “Salud!” before clinking glasses and taking a first sip, you’re essentially giving your salutary wish — in other words, hoping a person enjoys good health.

Panegyric (noun)

Definition:

A formal, high-minded speech can be described with a formal, high-minded word — the word panegyric, which is a very elaborate tribute to someone or something. You could consider most eulogies as panegyrics.

Example Sentences:

– The minister delivered a panegyric on the local poet’s life and works.
– Jim Murray wrote a panegyric on the pleasures of malt whisky.
– She delivered a panegyric on the president-elect.

Synonyms:

eulogy, tribute.

Antonyms:

censure, condemnation.
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Responsive (adjective)

Definition:

Anything that is alert and quick to react is responsive. People who are responsive are alert and aware — they’ve giving responses.

Example Sentences:

– The least responsive people in the world are people in deep comas.
– The school was responsive to the needs of the students during the recent tragedy.
– Children are often the quickest and most responsive members of the audience.

Synonyms:

sensitive, receptive.

Antonyms:

impassive, indifferent.

Irresolute (adjective)

Definition:

The state of not able or willing to take decisions or actions.
Irresolute describes someone who feels stuck. A decision must be made, a plan acted on, but the irresolute person just doesn’t know what to do.

Example Sentences:

– The committee was timid and mediocre and irresolute.
– The team were frustrated when the coach proved to be too irresolute to choose the players for the match.
– We lay still a long time, very irresolute what course to take.

Synonyms:

doubtful, halfhearted, halting, hesitant,

Antonyms:

resolute, decisive,
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Reprove (verb)

Definition:

Reprimand with a sense of reject or censure. To scold or correct usually gently or with kindly intent

Example Sentences:

– Mary reproved the children for making too much noise.
– ‘Don’t be childish, Hilary,’ Marc reproved mildly.
– Women were reproved if they did not wear hats in court.

Synonyms:

reproach, berate.

Antonyms:

Praise, compliment.