The latest Just Vocabulary Podcasts

Qualm (noun)

Definition:

 a feeling of doubt or uneasiness about something, A qualm is a feeling of uneasiness, or a sense that something you’re doing is wrong. Continue reading

Commuter (noun)

Definition:

 1. person who travels from home to work regularly, usually between a suburb and a city; 2. an inter-city airplane flying short distances to serve remote communities

Example Sentences:

– Traffic jams are becoming a growing problem here in Cape Town, there are more commuters every year.
– Jeff could have driven to his destination, but felt he could get his reading done if he took the commuter train.
– Being a commuter on the early morning train isn’t so bad, because it allows me to relax and read the paper.

Synonyms:

traveler, passenger

=======================

Coagulate (verb)

Definition:

to change or cause to change from a liquid to a solidified or thickened state

Example Sentences:

– I love rItalian food and if you have a good olive oil, don’t put it in the fridge, it will coagulate.
– People with haemophilia have blood that does not coagulate properly when they are wounded.
– My wife makes her own yogurt: the yogurt cultures are enzymes that help milk coagulate to form yogurt.

Synonyms:

thicken, solidify, congeal, clot, gelatinize,

Antonyms:

 liquefy, melt

Tentative (adjective)

Definition:

1. unsure, hesitant, or showing a lack of confidence; 2. not finalized, not fully worked out

Example Sentences:

– AOL and Time Warner signed a tentative agreement until further details of the merger could be worked out.
– Lisa was tentative about accepting the job offer, since it meant moving from Cape Town to Johannesburg.
– The two friends made tentative plans to have dinner on Friday night,
– I’ve made a tentative choice, but I’m still looking at my options.

Synonyms:

doubtful, uncertain, hesitant, provisional

Antonyms:

definite, final, permanent

=======================

Distinguish (verb)

Definition:

1. to mark or recognize something as different, special, or noteworthy; 2. to detect with one’s senses

Example Sentences:

– I did a blind wine tasting and I could not even distinguish which was the red and which was the white wine.
– Richard Feynman was a distinguished theoretical physicist who had won numerous accolades for his research.
– John distinguished himself as the best student in his class and eventually became valedictorian.

Synonyms:

differentiate, separate, discern

Antonyms:

 confound, confuse

Vestige (noun)

Definition:

the remains or a trace of something that was there, but no longer exists

Example Sentences:

– The appendix is a vestige that no longer serves a purpose in the human body.
– My dad suffers from Alzheimer’s disease and is now a vestige of the hardworking and talkative man he once was.
– All that remained after the fire was a vestige of the building.

Synonyms:

trace, remains, remnant,

=======================

Merger (noun)

Definition:

the joining together of two or more companies, people, or interests to form a united whole

Example Sentences:

– When AOL and Time Warner announced their merger, it was major news across the U.S.
– Some journalists worry that the merger will lead us closer to a monopoly and higher prices.
– We followed the narrow trail and after a while it merged with a wider path.
– My wife loves baking, and I love eating cake and this is where our interests merge.

Synonyms:

combination, union, integration,

Antonyms:

separation, division

Abide (verb)

Definition:

1. to tolerate (often used in the negative);
2. to last for a long time;
3. to live or reside;
4. to accept something or to follow something such as a rule or order

Example Sentences:

– Clyde Shelton was the sort of man who never caused any trouble and who always abided by the law.
– I moved out of my parents’ house because I could not abide by their rules.
– The monument of freedom in Riga will abide forever.
– My grandparents’ abiding love was a joy to all who knew them.

Synonyms:

 accept, endure, prevail, survive, live

Antonyms:

pass, avoid

=======================

Replica (noun)

Definition:

a close copy or reproduction of something, especially a work of art, and sometimes a miniature version.

Example Sentences:

– The NASA Space Center in Houston has a replica of the Curiousity Mars Rover.
– I tried to copy the painting A Starry Night exactly, but I couldn’t replicate the mastery of the original Van Gogh.
– We tried to replicate the atmosphere of last year’s New Year’s party, but we were not able to recreate the same feeling of merriment the second time around.

Synonyms:

copy, reproduction, representation

Antonyms:

original

Circuitous (adjective)

Definition:

1. describes indirect, unclear speech or behavior; 2. having a circular, indirect course

Example Sentences:

– The CEO’s circuitous explanation of our solution was totally confusing and did not convince the client.
– Road closure due to flooding forced us to take a circuitous route to our favorite restaurant.
– The journalist had to curb his tendency to use circuitous language in his article about cryptocurrencies.
– He gave us directions that were lengthy and circuitous instead of giving us the most direct route.

Synonyms:

circular, meandering,

Antonyms:

direct, straightforward

=======================

Inoculate (verb)

Definition:

1. to give a small amount of a disease to a person or animal as a protection against that disease; 2. to introduce an idea into someone’s mind in hope that the idea or lesson will [figuratively] grow and become part of the person.

Example Sentences:

– Before traveling to Peru, I had to be inoculated against yellow fever.
– Before entering school, all children must be inoculated against measles.
– The parents tried to inoculate the boy with their beliefs.
– My college professors inoculated me with a wealth of information.

Synonyms:

immunize, vaccinate, aid

Compulsion (noun)

Definition:

1. a force that makes somebody do something; 2. a strong urge to do or say something; 3. an irrational motive for doing something against one’s will

Example Sentences:

– Frank had the compulsion to quit his job after he received a bad review, but instead, he decided to stick with it.
– The CEO felt no compulsion to make a decision, so we waited for weeks before we got an answer.
– When Joanne was pregnant, she had the strongest compulsion to eat ice cream and pickles at the same time.

Synonyms:

impulse, obsession, fixation,

Antonyms:

 choice, election, option, preference

=======================

Catalyst (noun)

Definition:

something that causes an action or event to occur. Use catalyst to describe anything that causes action where there was previously inaction.

Example Sentences:

– The ETF approval was the catalyst for the Bitcoin price surge.
– Our main competitors encroachment on our market share was the catalyst behind our more aggressive marketing approach.
– We hope our increased ad spending will be a catalyst for increased sales.
– The increase in violent crime was a catalyst for the creation of the three strikes law.

Synonyms:

stimulus, instrument, impulse,

Antonyms:

damper

Forge (verb)

Definition:

1. to falsify and make a copy with the intent to deceive;
2. to form or bring into being especially by an expenditure of effort; 
3. to move ahead steadily and with determination; 
4. to suddenly increase speed or progress

Example Sentences:

– The stoic character of Marcus Aurelius was forged of long experience.
– The man who claimed to be the inventor of the protocol, became an expert at forging documents
– Ryan Holiday’s company is a success because of the his ability to forge ahead in the face of obstacles.
– At one point, it looked like Alex Honnold was not going to make the attempt, but he forged on and completed the free solo.

Synonyms:

copy, reproduce, counterfeit,

Antonyms:

hesitate, recede, retreat,

=======================

Transpire (verb)

Definition:

1. to come about or to happen; 2. to become known; 3. to give off water vapor

Example Sentences:

– Government officials refused to speculate as to what might transpire once the trade war is over.
– It transpired that the radical entrepreneur had never even attended college.
– During the summer, plants transpire at a faster rate, so they need to be watered more often.
– I was not aware of what transpired between Lisa and Marc, but I knew they were upset with each other.

Synonyms:

occur, arise, emerge, happen,

Antonyms:

conceal, hide, halt

Dexterous (Adjective)

Definition:

physically quick and skilful. Adroit, deft, and adept are all synonymous with dexterous. These words, however, do not have as strong of a noun form as dexterous with dexterity. Dexterity is a very powerful and sophisticated word for denoting skilfulness.

Example Sentences:

– Jim’s colleagues envied his dexterous evasion of his boss’s boring sales presentation.
– The older pianist eyesight was diminishing, but his hands were still dexterous enough to play the flight of Bumble Bee
– It was Michelangelo amazing dexterity that enabled him to chisel the masterpiece David in marble.

Synonyms:

adroit, facile, handy

Antonyms:

clumsy, inept,

=======================

Slander (noun, verb)

Definition:

(n.) 1. the act of saying something false and damaging to a person’s reputation; 2. a false statement that damages someone’s reputation; (v.) to make a false and purposely malicious statement against someone.

Example Sentences:

– His negative characterization of me was tantamount to slander.
– The politician’s reputation was slandered by his opponent, who made false accusations and leaked rumors to the press.
– I regard his malicious comments as slander on my reputation.

Synonyms:

(n.) defamation, smear, aspersion, (v.) defame,

Antonyms:

truth

Sententious (adjective)

Definition:

1. tending to use too many maxims; 2. given to moralizing; 3. concise, but full of meaning

Example Sentences:

– Lisa’s boss welcomed her sententious comments, which were succinct and to the point.
– The newly elected mayor thought his speech would come off as intellectual and profound, but the press found it to be sententious and pompous.
– Violent Video games remain a soft target for sententious conservatives who want to heavily tax the product.

Synonyms:

pompous, showy, pretentious,

Antonyms:

meaningless, verbose

=======================

Abscond (verb)

Definition:

 
to escape or run away in secret

Example Sentences:

– The CEO of the company was thought to be trustworthy so everyone was shocked when he absconded with all of the company’s profits.
– Jenny was so embarrassed by her blunder, she wished she could abscond from the room, never to return.
– After the bank heist, they all absconded to different countries, in hope that they would never be caught.

Synonyms:

flee, escape, elope

Antonyms:

return, stay