To correct someone’s error, fallacy, or misconception. Disabuse comes from the 17th-century French word desabuser, “to correct someone.” It carried an archaic meaning of “abuse” (a delusion), so that it meant “to correct someone’s delusion” (bringing it in line with reality.) The word still carries a connotation of correcting someone’s wrong belief and setting them on the right track.
– Anne quickly disabused Jim of the idea that working 9 to 5 at the head office would be exciting.
– The founder of the company thinks that a good manager should yell at his employees, but someone should disabuse him of that notion.
– Monica has been leading Chandler on for so long, as his friend, that Joey decided to disabuse him of the belief that she actually cares for him.
correct, set straight, undeceive
1.to experience something unpleasant; 2. to become burdened with something, such as a debt. Incur is often used in accounting or finance, as in “to incur late fees.” The related adjective incurred is used to describe something that has been sustained, also applicable to finances: “incurred expenses.”
– John had to incur penalty fees on his VAT payment, because he sent the payment in late.
– If our company doesn’t find a way to cut operating costs, we will incur significant losses. Currently the company incurs substantial storage costs, because there is too much inventory on hand.
– Louise incurred the wrath of her colleagues as a result of a negative comment she made about her colleagues work.
sustain, encounter, experience
avoid, elude, evade, escape