IMPROVE YOUR ENGLISH VOCABULARY

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About the JustVocabulary podcast

The Just Vocabulary podcast is a daily ESL (English as a Second Language) podcast for learners at an intermediate to advanced level from all around the world. The 5-minute audio podcast is aimed at growing your English vocabulary, 2 words at a time. The goal is to improve and increase your English vocabulary, and help you with English tests like TOEIC, TOEFL, and IELTS. To enhance your learning, you can also access our vocabulary flashcard modules.

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How to practise with flashcards

Propagate (verb)

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Definitions:
1.To breed a plant or animal naturally from the parent. 2.Spread or promote an idea or information.

Synonyms:
1.breed, grow, cultivate.2.ciruclate, promulgate, transmit.

Antonyms:
1. destroy. 2. conceal, hide.

Examples:
1. He propogates herbs and sells them in the market. 2. The school will not tolerate people propogating rumours.

Tips:
collocates, ‘the species’, ‘rumours’

Origins:
Latin-propagare-young shoots/layers of young shoots.

Satire (noun.)

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Definitions:
A form of humour using irony/ridicule.

Synonyms:
mockery, ridicule, derision.

Antonyms:
seriousness, gravity,

Examples:
Satire is a popular form of comedy. Newspapers often cartoons as political satire.

Origins:
Latin-satura- poetic medley

Incursion (noun)

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Definitions:
A sudden or brief attack or invasion.

Synonyms:
raid on, push into, descent on.

Antonyms:
retreat.

Examples:
The incursions into the enemy camps always took place at night.

Origins:
Latin-incurrere-attack.

Integral (adj)

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Definitions:
Necessary, essential, particularly in creating a whole.

Synonyms:
built -in, essentail, intrinsic, innate.

Antonyms:
add-on, extraneous, extrinsic.

Examples:
Play is an integral part of a child’s development. Movement and dance are integral to the programme.The car is equipped with an integral music system.

Origins:
Latin-integer-whole.

Overture (noun)

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Definitions:
1. An orchestral piece played at the beginning. 2. A proposal or an approach made to someone.3. an introduction to something bigger/ more important.

Synonyms:
1.prelude, opening.2 proposition, tender. 3.prelininary, lead-in.

Antonyms:
1. Ending, closing.

Examples:
1. People were still taking their seats when the overture began. 2 They made overtures to interested parties to see if they could broker a merger. 3. After a brief overture the headmaster got down to the crux of the matter.

Origins:
Latin-apertura- opening.

Redundant (adj)

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Definitions:
No longer useful or needed. BE- Unemployed because the work is no longer available. ” made redundant’.

Synonyms:
Superfluous, unecessary.

Antonyms:
vital, important, essential.

Examples:
BE- He was made redundant last week, he has to find another job now. We have already covered those topics so your comments now are redundant.

Origins:
Latin-redundare- surging up.

Pervade (verb)

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Definitions:
To spread through, sense of reaching all parts.

Synonyms:
spread, fill, permeate.

Antonyms:
repel,

Examples:
His depression pervaded every aspect of his life.

Tips:
Often used with ‘smell’.

Origins:
Latin-per- throughout, vadere-go.

Reprobate (noun/adj/ verb)

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Definitions:
1. A person who lacks principles.2. To be unprincipled, lacking moral fiber. 3. To show or receive disaproval

Synonyms:
1. rogue, rascal, degenerate. 2. immoral, shameless. 3. criticize, condemn

Antonyms:
1.hero 2. upright,virtuous, principled, have integrity. 3. praise, commen, award.

Examples:
He is a reprobate, he lied to everyone and stole their money. 2. Aafter his reprobate behaviour is no longer welcome here. 3. The courts reprobated his behaviour and he was fined heavily.

Origins:
Latin – reprobare- disaprove, reject.

Preempt (verb)

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Definitions:
To take an action to avoid or prevent another action occuring.

Synonyms:
forestall, prevent,

Antonyms:
react

Examples:
The mother tried to preempt a tantrum by offering the child an ice-cream. They preempted the accident by swerving violently off the road.

Origins:
Mid 19c English.

Sanction (verb/noun)

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Definitions:
1.A penalty or threat of a penalty for breaking a rule or law. 2.To give official approval for.

Synonyms:
1.deterrent, punishment.2. authorize, permit.

Antonyms:
1.reward, award.2. prohibit ban.

Examples:
The current government sanctions on those who cannot work is ruining people’s lives. 2. The minister said he would be happy to sanction the marriage.

Tips:
Interesting that it can be used moreorless as its opposite. Collates with ‘economic’.

Origins:
Latin-sancere-ratify.